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2013年12月20日 17:50

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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The more liberal the model of moral education in a given school, the more likely it is to emphasize social service rather than the acquisition of individual character virtues. Nevertheless, the theoretical underpinnings of that aspect of character education are largely absent or unacknowledged, and such programs of social service continue to appear within a discourse of the training of individual moral character and will in the virtues. Historically, social s......

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2013年12月09日 17:54

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: POSTWAR LIBERALISM

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: POSTWAR LIBERALISM

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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Beginning in the 1960s, the American quest for moral education embraced three new "liberal" approaches. "Values clarification" taught children how to judge diverse situations. "Cognitive development" taught children how to think about values. "Feminist caring" considered values as part of personal relationships rather than as abstract principles. These liberal approaches were still based largely on the free choices......

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2013年12月03日 16:21

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: 1620s TO 1920s

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: 1620s TO 1920s

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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In 1600s and 1700s America, the family was the main transmitter of moral values, embodied in religion. In particular, Puritans believed that religion expressed God's will, which individuals should will themselves to obey. In the 1800s, economic development increased personal freedom. To manage that freedom, moral educators taught individuals to further control the self and disciple the will. The early 1900s brought still greater modernity, prompting co......

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2013年11月27日 16:32

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: RECENT CONSERVATISM

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: RECENT CONSERVATISM

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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In the late 1900s, conservatives announced that America was in moral decline and blamed morally permissive liberal education. America's schools focused on modern technical skills and neglected traditional religious values. The conservatives' remedy was "character education": teaching school children an array of individual "virtues." People should be able to identify the ethically correct action ......

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2013年11月18日 15:39

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: CURRENT FIELDWORK

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: CURRENT FIELDWORK

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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To understand how American moral education is being conducted in the early 2000s, author Ravven visited various American institutions. At a public elementary school, she listened to a principal and a parent express their enthusiasm for educating children about interpersonal "virtues." There she also observed a kindergarten and second grade, finding the students more alienated than enthusiastic. Ravven also observed efforts of companies to teach......

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2013年11月12日 16:19

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: GLOBAL WARMING AS BAD AS GLOBAL WAR

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: GLOBAL WARMING AS BAD AS GLOBAL WAR

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GUEST BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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The effects of global warming will be as bad as the effects of a global war. Nevertheless, much science remains too quiet and most politics too calm. Prudent governance remains paralyzed.

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SERIES

In a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock, this Post reports a lecture by a British scientist warning t......

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2013年11月05日 17:37

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CURES

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CURES

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GUEST BLOGGER Steven M. Teles

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By now, the SIZE of American government is roughly fixed. Over the next few decades, Americans will debate its counter-productive COMPLEXITY. America has chosen to govern itself through more indirect and incoherent policy mechanisms than can be found in any comparable country. Today much of American public policy resembles what computer geeks call a "kludge": "an ill-assorted collection of parts assembled to fulfill a particular purpose...a clu......

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2013年10月28日 16:02

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CAUSES

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CAUSES

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GUEST BLOGGER Steven M. Teles

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By now, the SIZE of American government is roughly fixed. Over the next few decades, Americans will debate its counter-productive COMPLEXITY. America has chosen to govern itself through more indirect and incoherent policy mechanisms than can be found in any comparable country. Today much of American public policy resembles what computer geeks call a "kludge": "an ill-assorted collection of parts assembled to fulfill a particular purpose...a clu......

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2013年10月21日 17:07

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: COSTS

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: COSTS

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GUEST BLOGGER Steven M. Teles

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By now, the SIZE of American government is roughly fixed. Over the next few decades, Americans will debate its COMPLEXITY. America has chosen to govern itself through more indirect and incoherent policy mechanisms than can be found in any comparable country. Today much of American public policy resembles what computer geeks call a "kludge": "an ill-assorted collection of parts assembled to fulfill a particular purpose...a clumsy but temporarily......

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2013年10月14日 21:31

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: SCARING ELITES INTO AVOIDING DISASTER

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: SCARING ELITES INTO AVOIDING DISASTER

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GUEST BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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It took military near-catastrophes (still near-secret) to scare Soviet and American elites into ending the Cold War. Limiting climate change will require equally big shocks and big changes.

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SERIES

In a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock, this Post asks what we can learn from what it took to end the Cold War about w......

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2013年10月11日 19:13

增长结束了吗?

2012年8月,美国经济学家罗伯特·戈登(Robert J. Gordon)发表了一篇有争议的论文,问道“美国的增长结束了吗?”在第一篇博文的第三部分,我概述了这篇论文。戈登在2012年的论题是,当时美国经济的“复苏”,不只是暂时“衰退”的一般性“循环”复苏。在最好的情况下,面对的是至多使复苏相当缓慢的六项结构性“逆风”(HEADWINDS,下面意译为不利因素);而在最坏的情况下,增长可能面对依然存在的创新不良的长时期挑战。

这篇论文激起了经济学家们的诸多讨论,许多人都断言创新并非不良。所以,罗伯特在近期做了更新,指出即便创新维持现在的比率,他对未来增长......

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2013年10月08日 17:36

IS AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH OVER? INNOVATION

IS AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH OVER? INNOVATION

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GUEST BLOGGER Robert J. Gordon

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SERIES

In August 2012 the noted American economist Robert J. Gordon raised the deliberately provocative question “Is U.S. growth over?” After much debate among economists, Gordon has updated his argument in a recent paper, which this Series provides.

The first Post showed how growth SLOWED between the periods 1891-1972 and 1972-2007. This Post analyzes HEADWINDS facing attempts to reviv......

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2013年10月02日 23:12

IS AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH OVER? HEADWINDS

IS AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH OVER? HEADWINDS

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GUEST BLOGGER Robert J. Gordon

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SERIES

In August 2012 the noted American economist Robert J. Gordon raised the deliberately provocative question “Is U.S. growth over?” After much debate among economists, Gordon has updated his argument in a recent paper, which this Series provides.

The first Post showed how growth SLOWED between the periods 1891-1972 and 1972-2007. This Post analyzes HEADWINDS facing attempts to revive growth. ......

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2013年09月22日 16:19

IS AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH OVER? HOW GROWTH SLOWED

IS AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH OVER? HOW GROWTH SLOWED

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GUEST BLOGGER Robert J. Gordon

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SERIES

In August 2012 the noted American economist Robert J. Gordon raised the deliberately provocative question “Is U.S. growth over?” After much debate among economists, Gordon has updated his argument in a recent paper, which this Series provides.

This Post shows how growth SLOWED between the periods 1891-1972 and 1972-2007. The second Post will analyze HEADWINDS facing attempts to revive growth. The third Pos......

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2013年09月16日 17:46

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: INTRODUCTION

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: INTRODUCTION

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GUEST  BLOGGER  Heidi  M. Ravven

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An important new book, The self beyond itself, critiques Western ethics. American Jewish philosopher Heidi Ravven argues that medieval Christianity “went wrong” by adopting the punitive notion of moral Behavior as DECISIONS based on the “free will” of autonomous individuals. Ravven returns to the more positive ancient Greek view of moral Character as th......

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2013年09月09日 17:54

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: “RESPONDING TO KILLER GAS”

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: “RESPONDING TO KILLER GAS”

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GUEST  BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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“It's much easier to kill people with missiles in a foreign country than to undertake any transition in the U.S. economy from fossil fuels to sustainable energy.”

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SERIES

This Post is one in a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock. This Post explores similarities between the chronic politics......

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2013年09月07日 15:14

AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: LONG-RUN DEVELOPMENT

AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: LONG-RUN DEVELOPMENT

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AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: LONG-RUN DEVELOPMENT

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DIMENSIONS OF POLITICS                   DIMENSIONS OF POSTS

Sectors: All                                          &nbsp......

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2013年09月02日 17:38

AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: MID-RUN REGIMES

AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: MID-RUN REGIMES

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AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: MID-RUN REGIMES

From New Deal toward Market State?

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DIMENSIONS OF POLITICS DIMENSIONS OF POSTS

Sectors: All Importance: ****

Level: National Scope: USA only

Period: Middle run Process: Elite politics.

MAIN TOPIC: CONSTITUTIONALISM Treatment: Background. Analysis.

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MID-RUN DYNAMICS 1

PROGRESSIVE RISE AND DEC......

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2013年08月27日 21:52

AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: SHORT-RUN SITUATION

AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: SHORT-RUN SITUATION

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AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONALISM: SHORT-RUN SITUATION

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DIMENSIONS OF POLITICS                    DIMENSIONS OF POSTS

Sectors: All                                        &nbsp......

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2013年08月07日 18:00

美国的宪政主义:论题

本文将介绍关于美国宪政主义(American constitutionalism)的新一系列博文:“美国宪政”是怎么回事,有什么功能,如何运行,以及运行得怎么样。第一篇介绍了一些一般性论题,后面的文章将从不同的分析标准加以详述:短期的最高法院裁决,中期的立宪政体(constitutional regime)和长期的宪法及政治发展。

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