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2014年04月22日 17:12

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: NEAR TERM EXTINCTION?

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: NEAR TERM EXTINCTION?

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GUEST  BLOGGER  Craig K. Comstock

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The question:  What could be the use of taking seriously a scenario of the collapse of global climate and civilization, even near term extinction? Especially the views that argue that it's already too late or that changes could help, but probably won't be made. The answer: By responding fully to the scenario, we can meanwhile live more intensely and organize the elemen......

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2014年01月08日 16:17

海蒂·瑞文新作《超越自我》

海蒂·瑞文新作《超越自我》

Heidi Ravven, The Self Beyond Itself: An Alternative History of Ethics, the New Brain Sciences, and the Myth of Free Will, The New Press, 2013

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作者瑞文:走向实证道德

内容提要:源于文化构建的自由意志

相关的系列问题:人类的道德本质

作者简介

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从历史上看,Ravven认为在近古和中世纪时西方基督教“出了错”,它采纳并强迫实行惩罚性的......

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2013年12月23日 11:07

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: SOCIAL INVENTIONS NEEDED

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: SOCIAL INVENTIONS NEEDED

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GUEST BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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Addressing global warming requires going beyond ordinary politics. Americans – both elites and publics – have been good at “social inventions.” We now need many more of them, globally.

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SERIES

In a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock, this Post recalls the USA’s history of “social inventi......

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2013年12月20日 17:50

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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The more liberal the model of moral education in a given school, the more likely it is to emphasize social service rather than the acquisition of individual character virtues. Nevertheless, the theoretical underpinnings of that aspect of character education are largely absent or unacknowledged, and such programs of social service continue to appear within a discourse of the training of individual moral character and will in the virtues. Historically, social s......

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2013年12月09日 17:54

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: POSTWAR LIBERALISM

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: POSTWAR LIBERALISM

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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Beginning in the 1960s, the American quest for moral education embraced three new "liberal" approaches. "Values clarification" taught children how to judge diverse situations. "Cognitive development" taught children how to think about values. "Feminist caring" considered values as part of personal relationships rather than as abstract principles. These liberal approaches were still based largely on the free choices......

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2013年12月03日 16:21

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: 1620s TO 1920s

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: 1620s TO 1920s

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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In 1600s and 1700s America, the family was the main transmitter of moral values, embodied in religion. In particular, Puritans believed that religion expressed God's will, which individuals should will themselves to obey. In the 1800s, economic development increased personal freedom. To manage that freedom, moral educators taught individuals to further control the self and disciple the will. The early 1900s brought still greater modernity, prompting co......

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2013年11月27日 16:32

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: RECENT CONSERVATISM

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: RECENT CONSERVATISM

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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In the late 1900s, conservatives announced that America was in moral decline and blamed morally permissive liberal education. America's schools focused on modern technical skills and neglected traditional religious values. The conservatives' remedy was "character education": teaching school children an array of individual "virtues." People should be able to identify the ethically correct action ......

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2013年11月18日 15:39

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: CURRENT FIELDWORK

AMERICAN MORAL EDUCATION: CURRENT FIELDWORK

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GUEST BLOGGER Heidi M. Ravven

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To understand how American moral education is being conducted in the early 2000s, author Ravven visited various American institutions. At a public elementary school, she listened to a principal and a parent express their enthusiasm for educating children about interpersonal "virtues." There she also observed a kindergarten and second grade, finding the students more alienated than enthusiastic. Ravven also observed efforts of companies to teach......

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2013年11月12日 16:19

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: GLOBAL WARMING AS BAD AS GLOBAL WAR

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: GLOBAL WARMING AS BAD AS GLOBAL WAR

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GUEST BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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The effects of global warming will be as bad as the effects of a global war. Nevertheless, much science remains too quiet and most politics too calm. Prudent governance remains paralyzed.

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SERIES

In a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock, this Post reports a lecture by a British scientist warning t......

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2013年11月05日 17:37

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CURES

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CURES

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GUEST BLOGGER Steven M. Teles

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By now, the SIZE of American government is roughly fixed. Over the next few decades, Americans will debate its counter-productive COMPLEXITY. America has chosen to govern itself through more indirect and incoherent policy mechanisms than can be found in any comparable country. Today much of American public policy resembles what computer geeks call a "kludge": "an ill-assorted collection of parts assembled to fulfill a particular purpose...a clu......

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2013年10月28日 16:02

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CAUSES

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: CAUSES

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GUEST BLOGGER Steven M. Teles

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By now, the SIZE of American government is roughly fixed. Over the next few decades, Americans will debate its counter-productive COMPLEXITY. America has chosen to govern itself through more indirect and incoherent policy mechanisms than can be found in any comparable country. Today much of American public policy resembles what computer geeks call a "kludge": "an ill-assorted collection of parts assembled to fulfill a particular purpose...a clu......

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2013年10月21日 17:07

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: COSTS

KLUDGEOCRACY IN AMERICA: COSTS

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GUEST BLOGGER Steven M. Teles

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By now, the SIZE of American government is roughly fixed. Over the next few decades, Americans will debate its COMPLEXITY. America has chosen to govern itself through more indirect and incoherent policy mechanisms than can be found in any comparable country. Today much of American public policy resembles what computer geeks call a "kludge": "an ill-assorted collection of parts assembled to fulfill a particular purpose...a clumsy but temporarily......

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2013年10月14日 21:31

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: SCARING ELITES INTO AVOIDING DISASTER

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: SCARING ELITES INTO AVOIDING DISASTER

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GUEST BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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It took military near-catastrophes (still near-secret) to scare Soviet and American elites into ending the Cold War. Limiting climate change will require equally big shocks and big changes.

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SERIES

In a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock, this Post asks what we can learn from what it took to end the Cold War about w......

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2013年10月11日 19:13

增长结束了吗?

2012年8月,美国经济学家罗伯特·戈登(Robert J. Gordon)发表了一篇有争议的论文,问道“美国的增长结束了吗?”在第一篇博文的第三部分,我概述了这篇论文。戈登在2012年的论题是,当时美国经济的“复苏”,不只是暂时“衰退”的一般性“循环”复苏。在最好的情况下,面对的是至多使复苏相当缓慢的六项结构性“逆风”(HEADWINDS,下面意译为不利因素);而在最坏的情况下,增长可能面对依然存在的创新不良的长时期挑战。

这篇论文激起了经济学家们的诸多讨论,许多人都断言创新并非不良。所以,罗伯特在近期做了更新,指出即便创新维持现在的比率,他对未来增长......

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2013年09月09日 17:54

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: “RESPONDING TO KILLER GAS”

AMERICAN CLIMATE POLITICS: “RESPONDING TO KILLER GAS”

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GUEST  BLOGGER Craig K. Comstock

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“It's much easier to kill people with missiles in a foreign country than to undertake any transition in the U.S. economy from fossil fuels to sustainable energy.”

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SERIES

This Post is one in a Series on American Climate Politics by Guest Blogger Craig K. Comstock. This Post explores similarities between the chronic politics......

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